How To Know Which Golf Club To Use: Types Of Clubs & Choosing Criteria for New Golfers

Although many love playing golf, little do we know how to choose the right golf clubs.

In competitions, picking the wrong clubs will adversely affect the game’s tactics, and thus, final results.

In practice, the compatibility between clubs and players is also important.

Using fitting golf clubs helps players boost their strengths and avoid injury.

Let’s take a look at types of golf clubs you can choose from in this article.

Then, we’ll learn how to know which golf club to use based on specific criteria.

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Types of golf clubs

Woods

golf woods

Compared to other models, woods feature longer shaft and rounder heads.

With the proper loft angle, woods can strike the ball to the air effortlessly.

As a result, they’re perfect for long shots.

Therefore, players often employ woods when the distance from the Green is 175 yards or further.

Commonly, golfers often use the Driver (aka the 1 wood) and fairway woods (aka 3 and 5 kinds of wood).

The loft angle of a driver is roughly 8-13 degrees, a 3 wood is 13-16, and 5 wood is 17-19 degrees.

The bigger the number on the club, the higher the loft angle.

On the other hand, bigger numbers also mean shorter shafts.

It’s not easy to handle the woods properly.

Without regular practice, even professionals may find it hard to pull off this type of club.

Hence, if you’re a beginner, you’d better be serious when training with wood.

Irons

golf irons

Irons are preferable for shorter-distance shots such as teeing on par 3 or nearby the Green.

Specifically, golfers use irons when the distance from the ball’s position to the Green is 50-240 yards.

Besides, irons work well in removing balls from sand traps.

As the name speaks for itself, the material of iron clubs’ head is steel or iron.

Irons often have a blade-shaped design, narrow contact surface, and thin club heads.

For that reason, shots hitting the clubface center will have a long and straight trajectory.

Mostly you’ll see a set of standard irons numbered from 3 to 9.

Different irons are applicable in almost all positions in the golf arena.

Beginner golfers prefer using Irons due to their high accuracy and easy-to-use nature.

Wedges

golf wedges

Wedges refer to Irons having a higher loft angle than usual.

The wedge has the highest loft angle, shortest shaft, and heaviest clubhead. Such a design helps players create accurate lob shots at short distances, thus getting the ball into Green or escape from traps.

There are four types of wedges: Pitching Wedge (PW), Sand Wedge (SW), Gap Wedge (GW), and Lob Wedge (LW).

PW is the most popular and easy to use.

For new golfers, start with PW to practice.

Golfers use GW when swing driver shots are too long.

Meanwhile, LW is best for short shots around Green.

SE specializes in handling golf balls that fall into sand traps.

Hybrids

golf hybrids

Hybrids have become increasingly singly familiar with golfers in recent years.

Being a harmonious combination of Woods and Irons, Hybrids pick up the best of both worlds.

They are consistent and stable, especially in small and thin grass areas.

Another name for Hybrids is Rescue clubs.

The name suggests how players need it in their club set.

Indeed, a hybrid can save your scorecard from being canceled by a shot off the road.

Although Hybrids are highly competent, beginners often fail to bring the best out of them.

Therefore, in the early stages, you should not jump right to Hybrids.

Master basic irons first, then upgrade to Hybrids.

Putters

golf putters

If the Driver starts swings with a distance of several hundred yards, then the Putter ends the shot with a short-range from a few yards to 20 yards.

Currently, there are two main types of Putters: Blade Putter and Mallet Putter.

If you’re an experienced golfer, who can always hit the sweet spot correctly, Blade Putter is the right choice.

If you’re not confident in keeping the shot in the right direction, Mallet Putter will give you a hand.

Ordinarily, the length of Putters is about 33 – 35 inches, allowing players to stand upright.

All Putters, regardless of size and shape, are designed to pull off the best putting.

Minimal backspins help reduce inaccuracy.

The majority of Putters have a small loft angle (around 3-4 degrees).

How to Know Which Golf Club to Use

Picking Golf Clubs Based on 3 Basic Shots

Teeing Off

It’s a common practice for golfers to use the Driver to tee off.

However, newbie golfers may find it challenging to pull off Driver.

Therefore, nowadays, many opt for hybrids for teeing off as they’re easier to handle.

Approach Shots

Technically, approach shots are any shots played into the Green.

Irons work perfectly for these shots.

To be specific, 8 and 9 irons are the most active clubs for approach shots.

Trouble shots

No matter how good a golfer you are, you’ll get into trouble on the course once in a while.

Practicing trouble shots is the key to solve such tricky situations.

As said above, wedges can help you get the ball out of steep terrain.

Besides, hybrids are also handy in troublesome cases due to their versatility.

Gender Factors For Picking Golf Clubs

For men

Most of the time, male golfers show higher swing speeds than females.

It’s due to the difference in height and arm strength of the two genders.

For masculine golfers, the 3 wood with a loft angle of 17 degrees should be a staple in the set.

Additionally, male golfers should focus more on steadiness, rather than distance.

Hence, drivers don’t seem right due to their inconsistency.

Then, the more suitable options are hybrids – 21, 25, or 30 degrees.

Besides, 7-9 sand irons are appropriate choices for male golfers.

For women

For a good teeing off, female golfers should use drivers with titanium clubface.

Likewise, ladies also should choose golf clubs with titanium bodies and heads, because they tend to be lighter and more comfortable to adjust and thus giving the right shots without requiring so much strength.

Therefore, 5 – 9 kinds of wood will be a big help.

Besides, most coaches recommend female golfers to employ wedges.

This club is safe for almost all cases and suitable for weaker players.

Choosing Golf Clubs Based on Length

Not everyone is much the same height.

However, golf clubs have their standard length.

Therefore, it’s painful for short people to use a long club.

And, in contrast, it’s inconvenient for tall people to use short clubs.

Nevertheless, the length of the golf club must still comply with the prescribed rules.

Here are tips to help golfers choose a golf club with the length that suits you.

  • Golfers who are shorter than 5ft5 should use a club shorter than the standard half-inch length.
  • Golfers from 5ft5 to 6ft1 tall can use standard length clubs.
  • Golfers who are taller than 6ft1 need to use a golf club 1-2 inches longer than the standard.

Choosing Golf Clubs Based on Loft

The loft of a golf club is the angle between the surface of the club and the vertical plane formed by the golf club handle.

The loft determines how far the ball will go and the trajectory of the ball.

The higher the loft, the higher the ball will fly, and the more it will spin.

When it comes to wedges, the loft should vary from 4-6 degrees.

Thus, it can ensure that the distance is not too much between the clubs.

The higher the loft angle, the harder it is to control the dropping point.

Therefore, when it’s not a must, golfers shouldn’t go for a wedge whose loft is too high.

Typically, clubs with a loft of 56 or 58 can handle any situation.

However, if you are proficient enough, you can choose clubs with lower lofts

Choosing Golf Clubs Based on Club-head

Despite being one of the main parts of a golf club, the clubhead hasn’t got much attention from golfers at all.

The weight of the golf club head also has a significant influence on your swing.

Thus, don’t leave clubheads out of the picture and get to know it now.

If you’re a beginner, choose a club with large head size.

When contact with the ball is broad, you can pull off shots more accurately.

For golfers with fast swing speed, don’t mind going for a more massive head to take better control.

Meanwhile, golfers at a slower pace, lighter clubheads are the optimal choice.

In conclusion

There are several types of golf clubs, each with their function.

To select the appropriate clubs, we face a variety of criteria.

Choosing the right set of golf clubs has a crucial role in our golf experience.

However, it shouldn’t be a painful task that ruins our joy for the sport.

Understanding the types of golf clubs and essential criteria will help you make smart choices.

In this article, we’ve guided you through 5 main types of golf clubs and their uses.

Moreover, we’ve also explained how to know which golf club to use in concrete situations.

Hopefully, you’ll find this article helpful! Share and comment for more useful tips next time

Further reading:

Golf For Beginners: So You Want To Play Golf